Brief Revision- Important Question Solving
Blood Group Compatibility Table
Type O: Universal Donor
Type AB: Universal Recipient
Diagrammatic Representation of Differences Between Artery, Vein, and Capillary
Simplistic Diagram to Remember Double Circulation
Frequently Tested Topics:
Blood vessels entering and leaving the heart
Circulation of blood in the heart
Heart sounds and reason for sound
Difference in structure of artery, vein, and capillary
Blood vessels that supply blood to the heart
Structure of RBCs, WBCs, types of WBCs
Important Past Questions:
Name the following:
i) the compound formed when haemoglobin combines with carbon dioxide in the blood. (2019)
ii) the blood vessel which supplies blood to the liver. (2018)
iii) The vein that carries oxygenated blood. (2015)
iv) The phase of cardiac cycle in which the auricles contract. (2012)
v) the blood vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscles. (2011, 2012, 2017)
Give biological/ technical terms for the following:
i) squeezing out of the white blood cells from the capillaries into the surrounding tissues (2012, 2018)
ii) The relaxation phase of the heart. (2018)
iii) The vein which drains blood from the intestine to the liver. (2016)
iv) The sound produced when the atrio-ventricular valves close in the heart. (2015)
v) The process by which white blood cells engulf bacteria. (2015)
Choose the correct answer:
i) a muscular wall is absent in:
A] Capillary B] Venule C] Arteriole D] Vein (2019)
ii) Pulse wave is mainly caused by the:
A] Systole of atria B] Diastole of atria C] Systole of left ventricle D] Systole of right ventricle (2013)
Choose between the 2 options to answer the question specified in the brackets for the following:
Blood in the pulmonary artery or pulmonary vein (which one contains less oxyhaemoglobin?)
Given below are sets of five terms. In each group the first pair indicates the relationship between the 2 terms. Rewrite and complete the second pair on a similar basis.
Example: Oxygen : Inspiration : Carbon dioxide : Expiration
Foetus : Amnion : Heart :________
Given below are sets of five terms each. Rewrite the terms in correct order in logical sequence.
Fibrin, Platelets, Thromboplastin, Fibrinogen, Thrombin.
Differentiate between the following pairs on the basis of what is given in the brackets:
i) LUBB and DUPP (names of valves whose closure produce the sound) (2016)
ii) RBC and WBC (shape) (2015)
Oxygen combines with haemoglobin present in RBC and forms ___________.
Give biological reasons for:
i) the left ventricle of the heart has a thicker wall than the right ventricle. (2017)
ii) a matured mammalian erythrocyte lacks nucleus and mitochondria. (2011)
iii) Carbon monoxide is highly dangerous when inhaled. (2014)
State the main functions of: lymphocytes in blood.
Choose the odd one out from the following terms given and name the category to which the others belong:
Lumen, muscular tissue, connective tissue, pericardium
DIAGRAM BASED QUESTIONS
The diagram given below represents a section of the human heart. Answer the question that follow:
i) Which parts of hearts are in the diastolic phase? Give a reason to support your answer.
ii) Label the parts numbered 1 and 2 in the diagram. What type of blood flows through them?
iii) What causes the heart sounds 'LUBB' and 'DUP'?
iv) Name the blood vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscles.
v) Draw neat labelled diagrams of a cross section of an artery and a vein.